The Variophon is a monophonical electronical musical wind instrument, invented by Jobst Peter Fricke, Wolfgang Voigt and Jürgen Schmitz at 1975 at the Acoustical Department of the Musicological Institute of the University of Cologne. At the beginning it has been built up by the firm Ernest Martin KG.
Martinetta (lateral view)
Martinetta (from above)
At 1978/79 the firm "Realton", founded by Helmut Reuter, has bought the
rights for building up this instrument and introduces three versions of
the "Variophon" at the Music Fair in Frankfurt 1980. These Instruments
could be played by a
Since the instrument consists of different modules (blow control, keyboard, timbre modules, sound generator etc.) it was possible to change these modules (e.g. pedals instead of a keyboard). One could play it as a wind instrument or with the help of a keyboard with a separate blow controller. One could even built parts of this instrument into other instruments (e.g. accordions).
Variophon means not only the unique possibility
to vary the timbre after the principles of timbre found by Karl Erich
Schumann, but also the variability of its modules. So it is possible to
adapt the instrument to the player instead of adapting the player to the